HomeCrimeTexas: 46-Year-Old White Man Charged with Shooting 8-Year-Old African American Boy in the Face (VIDEO)

Texas: 46-Year-Old White Man Charged with Shooting 8-Year-Old African American Boy in the Face (VIDEO)

A horrific scene unfolded in Dallas, Texas this Tuesday after an 8-year-old African American boy was shot on the face while playing tag outside his apartment complex — just after celebrating his birthday.

According to Dallas Police, 46 year-old Brian Cloninger had been seen threatening people with a gun just prior to the shooting. Cloninger is a white male, although it has not been determined if race was a motivating factor in the shooting.

The victim, 8 year-old Donald Maiden Jr., had just finished celebrating his birthday and was playing tag with friends when he ran inside his home to retrieve some toys. When he came back outside to resume playing, he was shot.

Police reports say that Cloninger was calmly standing by his pick-up truck after the shooting. When confronted by witnesses, he said, “Yes, I shot that kid.”>As of this Thursday, Maiden remained in critical but stable condition with a breathing tube and plate in his jaw. He reportedly can make signals to communicate but cannot speak. He is due to undergo numerous reconstructive surgeries.

Cloninger was charged with “injury to a child” and is being held on a $2.2 million bond.

Watch a KTVT report on the incident in the video below.

[Source]

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About Sky Palma

Sky Palma
Sky Palma lives in Los Angeles and has been writing about politics, current events and religion for over a decade. He's also the head editor and founder of deadstate.org.

135 comments

  1. The powers that control the media have an agenda of keeping the masses fighting amongst themselves so we don’t pay attention to what they are doing. This is just one more bull crap story where any investigative journalism is nowhere to be found, and we will never know what really happened. The real tragedy is stupid people who keep falling for this trap over and over.

  2. Why “injury to a child”? Why not attempted murder?

  3. Death penalty? It’s not we’re light on crime.

  4. I’m from Texas. So Texan that I’m a daughter of the republic. And yes this state is full of racist nonsense.

  5. Why doesn’t the story say “a 46 year old man shot an 8 year old boy”, why does it matter what skin color they are? Not saying they guy didn’t shoot because he’s racist, but when we read stories like this everyday, it brings up more racist attitudes.

    • It matters because it undoubtedly mattered to the man who shot the little boy. Taking race out of the equation doesn’t tell the full story, and you know it.

    • Because Think of what might have happened if it were reversed: if a black man shot a white child in the same circumstances. In Texas. I don’t think that guy would have made it 10 feet or 5 minutes – White Privilege is a Thing.

  6. The fact that so many of us turn to thoughts of violent, tortuous retribution scares me.

    Brian Cloninger was probably of a similar mind-set. I can imagine that he was annoyed by the sounds of kids playing just outside his dwelling, went out and yelled at them to shut the eff up; maybe they sassed him, and he lost it- BAM! no more noise, now, huh? Probably thought he was well within his rights.

    • How could he possibly think he was within his rights? Is this the mindset we’ve become? What a sad world that everyone feels the need to carry a gun, and the much scarier part of that is, that we many nuts out there that have been given that right. God help us all!

  7. To me this is really simple. This is not even necessarily about color. Unless this man has a serious mental illness, he should — as is Texas law — be put to death. No eight-year-old on planet Earth should be shot in the face for any reason whatsoever. Simple. (What we’ve really got in this country is a gun problem. Just sayin’.)

  8. When are people going to get it? How much longer is it going to take, before people realize, we are all Human Beings, and deserve to be treated as such. Unfortunately Racism has been with us far too long, and since it serves NO useful purpose why can’t people just put it to rest?Let it go, for GODS sake. To all of the Christians out there practice what you preach LOVE THY NEIGHBOR, BE MY BROTHERS KEEPER, Do UNTO OTHERS AS YOU WOULD HAVE THEM DO UNTO YOU. We are all on this planet together, so instead of bickering try working together for the common good, be positive, think progressively,and live each day to the fullest, if you do anything less you are cheating yourself of life, and the rewards that come with it. Color is just another word ,and deserves NO SPECIAL TREATMENT Live and let live. Anyone who would do harm to an innocent child, and again color should not even be a consideration,,should be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.

  9. Firstly, I want to thank all the white people who commented here who GET THIS. It’s been beautiful to read your comments about Trayvon and your cry for justice.

    I’m a Black Nationalist, but not because I hate white people. And not because I think white America will pay land reparations, willingly, but rather, I believe the good that is in white Americans will soon be forced to recognize that We, Black People are a full nation, like the Natives of this continent, only We were stolen from the land, not the land stolen from Us. For no matter how hard either side tries, Black or white – the price to force integration is too high for all of us. The U.S. has become a lockdown police state, using vicious tyrannical tactics that used to be used on only Black and Brown Peoples, however, now? It’s become a habit that’s used on even whites because the few insanely wealthy eugenicists are taking the world down, white and Black, to maintain the control they’ve gotten comfortable with.

    Comfortable all those centuries of practicing it on the non-white Peoples of this Earth.

    It’s them who bring Us endless war when all of us crave peace. They are the people who believe there should be an unquestionable elite, based primarily on the notion that Black People are at the bottom of the humanity. I don’t believe that Black or white is equal or unequal. We’re simply different. Two separate nations with less in common than France and Germany. And yet? Nobody tells France that it’s racist because it wants to rule itself. Europe tried with The European Union and that, despite it being prinicipally white countries, has utterly failed.

    So, again. Thank You. This next leg of the journey will require far thinking minds, not hotheads. We must find a solution to this problem, other than mothers crying oceans, because it’s destroying each and everyone.

    • Ajali, I can understand your reasoning. As a 56 year old white male, I simply cannot understand the experiences of black Americans, though I try to. All I can say is I disagree with you that we are different. We are the same- humans that only want love, peace and acceptance. Yes, our experiences and culture are different, but I think that applies to everyone. Instead of thinking of a nation divided by race, we all need to lock arms and stand strong and firm against the ugliness of those that try to use their power, money, etc., to force their vision of a world upon us. The black experience in the USA IS a large part of the history of the USA. I too want a world that you speak about, but I want it with all the colors of the rainbow. That makes for a much stronger and more beautiful nation!

    • “I believe the good that is in white Americans will soon be forced to recognize that We, Black People are a full nation, like the Natives of this continent, only We were stolen from the land, not the land stolen from Us.”
      While I don’t agree with separatism (indeed, evolution shows that a greater pool of genetic diversity is good for the species), I can attest the my parents did raise me fully aware of this historical fact.

    • “WE”, were not stolen we, were sold to other countrys if you know your history. WE, are still being sold as slaves in Africa today. If you want to continue to spark racist rhetoric,please get your facts straight.

      • The majority of people that are being enslaved in this world are women and girls who are forced into the sex trades around the world including the US.. People are forced to work extreme hours in sweat shops in Asia mostly and India. But there has not been and never will be the government sanctioned slavery that happened to Africans sold to white/european slavers and the deadly violence and abused that Black American had to deal with for many centuries and are still dealing with in this racist ass country
        so don’t try to act like it is.

  10. Im seeing a stand your ground defense coming….

  11. “HAng the “son of bitch” Old Texans style”

  12. Wow, this author is incredibly racist! One person is “white”, but the other is “African American. To non-racists (I.E. good people), this is a white person and a black person, negro and caucasian, or African American and European American. Grow up and progress, neanderthal.

    • what should he have said european american? what if he was slavic russian half in asia or australia ? remember after the boston bombing men of color then when id’d it was just some guys smh unless of course sarah palin sees europe from her porch too

    • David MacDowell Blue

      This is impressive. A story about a black child shot in the face by a white man, and your reaction is “God! People are so racist against whites!” Because the author used the term “African American.” Dear. God.

    • I prefer the the term “Cracker” please…

      Really to non-racists it’s irrelevant. White/ Black, White/White, Black/ Black. A kid was shot. That is all that matters here. Guns and fear and ignorance.

    • Since when is it racist to call black people “African American”?

      And, if you knew anything, Caucasian doesn’t technically mean “white,” it means, “relating to a broad division of humankind covering peoples from Europe, Western Asia, parts of the Indian sub-continent and parts of North Africa.”

      AND THE POINT IS, A WHITE GUY SHOT A BLACK KID IN THE FACE! Is that not a little bit disgusting to you?

    • Splitting hairs while the shooter gets off with a charge of “injury to a child”, instead of attempted murder, most likely because he’s white? Nice try.

    • durg, you read a horrific story such as this, and this is what you are upset about? There is something seriously wrong with your head and your heart. I am flabbergasted by your reply.

  13. William Leavenworth

    I think that man should be hanged in front of the county court house, and his carcass dissolved in lye, then flushed down a public toilet.

    • He doesn’t deserve to have his carcass swim anywhere with the excretement of people better than him (Which is everyone). Keep him alive, dissolve him in lye and then shoot him in the face. Let’s see how he likes it.

  14. This is our future as long as idiots are allowed to own guns……. lets see if the man gets convicted of ANYTHING……….I hope the boy makes a full recovery.

  15. I think it was attempted murder and he should get life in jail. He is a danger to society, shows no remorse and when he had access to a gun he used it on a human being with malice and forethought.

    • My thoughts exactly” attempted murder” to stand there afterwards saying yes he shot the kid in the face, like it was no big deal? Lock him up and throw away the key. Let the inmates get to him and let him suffer.

  16. Hey Morons. TEXAS did not shoot the kid, an idiot shot the kid. Anyone who made a Texas comment can kiss my ass. Tell us where YOU are from and I will show you idiots in your backyard too.

    This is not about a state.

    Lets do it this way. That shooter is from the United States. What the hell would you expect from AMERICANS. they shoot their own children.

    How many of you are from the US? Its YOUR FAULT NOW.

    See how DUMB your position sounds?

    • love Texas much? Aren’t you the state that has billboards up claiming you shoot to kill when you feel like it. Aren’t you the state that has gun sales to dporn**ds easiest?

    • I can’t recall any other instance where attempted murder on a child was passed off as “injury to a child”. That the state of Texas would permit such a charge taints the entire state legal system.

      • This might be a “holding charge,” and not the final charges that will be filed against this (alleged) piece of pond scum.

    • Hey BIGGER Moron, TEXAS is the state whose lax gun laws made this possible by having next to NO qualifications (including mental health screening) to purchase a substitute penis/boom stick (gun). And you are right… this IS my fault as an American. I live in a country that seems to find it IMPOSSIBLE to make any form of national standard on gun ownership and that means that while a nutbag whack-job, psycho can’t walk into a store and buy a gun in California, he just needs to hop into his car and drive to a STATE full of nutbag whack-job, psychos (Texas for instance) and do just that. Then he gets to come BACK to California and be a nutbag, Whack-job psycho WITH A GUN.

      So I guess the position doesn’t sound as dumb as your half heated attempt at derailing logic.And before you unleash on me and try to change the subject (as I’m SURE you will), let it be known I am done with you. Your argument was stupid enough to make me respond. Your FURTHER argument cannot possibly get me to address you again. It was THAT dumb.

      Go stand in a corner and be quiet. It will make you look smarter.

      • Happens everywhere, no matter what the gun laws. Until you figure out the real problem you won’t be able to fix it.

        http://www.nbcnewyork.com/news/local/Boy-Shot-in-Stroller-Suspect-in-Custody-Pennsylvania-222664131.html

      • First, no someone from Calif. can’t buy a gun in Texas, not even at a gun show. First thing they ask is if you’re a resident and to see your ID. If you don’t have Texas ID or proof of residence then no sale, not at a show or a shop.

        Second, your response and subsequent ultimatum of no reply is a typical emotional response of someone addressing a person with whom they fundamentally disagree. It almost smacks of an 8th grader’s reaction.

        Thirdly, regardless of the sophomoric sarcastic delivery of the original post, there is a valid point in addressing the problem regarding this as an issue pertaining to a group of people (a particular state). Laws do not necessarily correlate with insanity. There are pros and cons for how every law is enforced. Chicago has strict gun laws and some of the worst violence in the nation. Texas has very lax gun laws and a low instance of home invasion whilst the residents are home.

        In conclusion it is silly to blame a State and its rules for the behavior of a clearly insane person. Laws are for everyday people and ultimately have little effect on social behavior.

    • CastleVilleCatLady

      Ken, the headline has a colon after the word Texas meaning it was being reported from there, not the state of Texas shooting the child. I will admit it isn’t the best way to report the crime, but it is a grammatical and punctuation issue, not what you are riled up over.

    • that showed exactly why people are saying that. thx for proving the stereotype ahole

  17. Another uplifting story of a responsible gun owner, proving once again that gun regulation is unnecessary.

  18. Why are people harming little kids and babies? A baby was shot in the stroller by black teens and an 8 year old by a white man. Cold. Calculated. Callous. I think the problem is not color, it’s stupid evil people in this world!

    • Gues, The news about the baby who was shot while in a stroller has already been debunked. It was the white mother who shot her own babies and blamed it on black teens (which is usually the case when they kill their own kids).

      • Investigators have testified that Lang told police he and Elkins were trying to rob a woman pushing a baby in a stroller when Elkins pulled a gun and shot them both.
        Lang’s aunt, Debra Obey, told police her nephew and Elkins came to her for a ride the day of the slaying. She said Elkins ducked down in the back seat of her car, as if he was hiding.
        Four days after the shooting, police said information from Elkins’ mother and sister helped lead investigators to a pond where they found a .22-caliber revolver. Both women were charged with evidence tampering. Elkins’ mother, Karimah Elkins, also was charged with lying to police. Prosecutors say Elkins’ mother and an aunt gave police conflicting alibis for his whereabouts at the time of the shooting. Karimah Elkins is scheduled to stand trial alongside her son.

    • Yeah. He wasn’t shot by black teens. He was shot by HIS MOTHER, who invented the black teens to hide her crime. Because she knew it would be easy for some people to believe. Which is sick and twisted as you get.

  19. As I read the Texas Penal Code I believe what people are saying is right. The perp will get a longer sentence and is more likely to be convicted on the charge of injury to a child then if they tried him for attempted murder. He admitted shooting the child and had been threatening others prior to the shooting. I just wish it was reported that a man shot a child in the face and race was not mentioned. This is a horrendous crime no matter the races involved. I hope he is sent away for the 99 years and put in general population.

  20. I hope that little boy makes a full recovery

  21. This guy plainly had problems that nobody spotted in time, or downplayed. As a result, he decided to go about threatening people and then decided to shoot a small child in the face. Even in Texas, this should get him off the streets for a LONG time.

    Anybody find it significant that he chose a child, and not a grown man? Either he’s a coward, or he was working his way up to adults. Many a criminal ‘starts small.’ Wonder how animals fared in his care? Could this crime be the middle of a development that started with animals and would have ended with him in a crowded public place, shooting people?

  22. Thank you for that bit of legal information, It gives me a bit (a bit) of faith in the justice system here and shows that some DA thought it out and charged him with what would be the more severe penalty. Although I hate to be (a taxpayer) one who pays his upkeep in the prison system I certainly think he should spend his life behind bars.

    • I’m told (I’m sure one of you can confirm or dispute this; I can’t because I have grandbabies to pick up) that a death penalty costs the taxpayers more money than a life sentence because of the appeals and all.

      • That is true. A death-penalty case costs many millions of dollars and goes on and on and on for many years, sometimes 10 years or longer before all the appeals run out, putting the families of the victims through unrelenting pain. I still am in favor of the death penalty, but I think it should be exercised under extreme and limited situations simply because of the time and cost, and the toll it takes on the survivors. Put them in maximum security, life with NO CHANCE of parole, 23 hours a day in a cell all alone. That is worse than death.

        • yeah well, justice system shouldn’t be about making people feel ‘worse than death’. if you’re religious, there’s an hell for it; if you aren’t, remember that the goverment doesn’t exist to torture people, even if they are criminals. put him in prison, no chance of parole, but it’ll be better for him, the society and the state if you put him to work in prison. cell alone won’t do anybody any good.
          as for death penalty, same thing. he’s a disgusting criminal for almost killing a child, but that doesn’t mean *anyone* should have the right to kill him. unpopular opinion in texas, i know, but i’m firmly in the ‘if you do it you’re no better than him’ category.

  23. In cases of such extreme brutality and insensitivity I think an eye for an eye is justified. Shoot the white guy in the face.

  24. The victim is African American. The perp is white. As far as I am concerned that is all it takes to make race a factor. Period! I hope they string this guy up by his gonads and then shoot them off.

  25. Texas, guns and racism are three virulent cancers that are killing this country. Even if we kicked Texas out, America would still be drowning in guns and racist hatred. Now, since we can’t seem to solve our problems at home, let’s go start another war in the Middle East.

    • Not even close. This nation, and the whole world economy for that matter, is being dragged forward into globalization at an ever increasing pace. Emerging middle classes and economies the world over are bursting onto the world scene. We will either keep pace or be left behind, but it will have nothing to do with racism. The President spoke about this a few months ago: millions competing for the same jobs as we are, coming out of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and a bunch of other places, who have far less than we do, and who could care less that a percentage of complacent, established Americans are affected by discrimination. They are the employment market of the future. Unfortunately, our white-black squabbles are very low on the greater list of world sufferings and priorities that need to be resolved. To billions, we are more like 2 squabbling rich dynasties weakening each other while they rise up to replace. Actually, as globalization drags forward, none of these local issues really have to be resolved. They are just subsumed or replaced. Powerful economic and social forces out there.

      That being said, this violent beast is obviously a piece of human garbage. This is nothing like the Zimmerman trial. This person WILL be convicted and do serious time. Thassall. Peace out.

  26. Since it’s Texas, who knows what will happen to the perpetrator!

  27. Because TEXAS. I hate the south. And all racist white people.

  28. This is EXACTLY what’s wrong with Texas.

  29. If the kid was white and the shooter was black I wonder if the charge would still just be “Injury to a child”?

  30. Before anyone else types, “WHY NOT ATTEMPTED MURDER!?!?!1/1″ do a little research.
    While it may seem counter-intuitive, under Texas state law “Injury of a Child” can be a first degree felony, which means it carries of a sentence of 2 to 99 years. Attempted murder, on the other hand, is a second degree felony which carries a sentence of 2 to 20 years, as long as there’s no other charges to go with it (unlikely though that may be). This means that Injury of a Child is a more serious crime in this case, unless it can somehow be shown that Mr. Cloninger was merely acting recklessly. Since he had threatened others earlier in the day this seems unlikely.

  31. Charged with “injury to a child”? How about attempted murder? There should be so many charges he never gets out of prison.

    • The little guy wasn’t bothering anyone so why the hell did this ass think he had to shoot him?

    • The max sentence is the same. By using the “injury to a child” charge they are making it plain to a jury right from the start that this was truly an innocent victim.

  32. He was charged with injury to a child? How is this not attempted murder?

    • In Texas, Injury to a Child (in this manner) is a first degree felony. That means it has the same penalty as Murder, plus they don’t have to prove he intended to kill the little boy. He’s charged with the best charge possible under Texas law and could be sentenced up to life.

  33. INJURY OF A CHILD? how about attempted murder!?

  34. Has there been any comment from Fox ‘news’? Have they explained how the child is to blame?

    • The child would not be to blame. This was an innocent young boy playing outside. I realize your comment as “Trayvon” undertones, but this is as different as night and day. Trayvon Martin was attempting to beat Zimmerman to death and Zimmerman shot in self defense. Nothing at all alike. One was child and the other was a young thug wannabe.

      • I was hoping that the above comment was made with pure sarcasm.

      • Oh puhleeze. Give it a rest. If Zimmerman had minded his own business and not instigated the whole thing we would have never heard of either one. This was GZ’s fault and he should have been sent to prison.

      • Rob, why do you and others insist on portraying Trayvon Martin as a thug who somehow deserved what he got? George Zimmerman made assumptions about him, followed him, and eventually shot him. Since Trayvon is dead, we will never know if he was defending himself from George. I believe if he had been white, he would have made it home alive that night. Both of the victims were doing nothing wrong, now one is dead and the other fighting for his life. They are most definitely similar.

      • what about Trayvons right to stand his ground, I’m sure he felt threatened being followed by some creepy white guy. I would.

      • Trayvon Martin was attempting to beat Zimmerman to death? News to me. “Young Thug Wannabe”. I think you’re on the wrong website. Zimmerman was a COP wannabe, hence the reason he tailed a kid all around the neighborhood ARMED WITH A DEADLY WEAPON. Get the fuck out of here, you ignorant sack of shit.

    • Give them time.

    • They are still working out how they can blame Obama

  35. “Cloninger was charged with “injury to a child” ” Say WHAAA??? That was attempted MURDER! Shooting him in the leg is ‘injury to a child”. Who the hell would think shooting someone in the face ISN’T attempted murder?

    Were I a part of that community, I’d be fuming and calling for proper charges to be brought.

    • Injury to a child in this manner is a first degree felony with a penalty up to life in prison. Attempted Murder is a second degree felony with up to 20 years max. They have the best charge.

  36. heartbreaking. this poor dear innocent child.

  37. The levels of race hatred have escalated, stirred up by the right wing know-nothings which are fed this crap by the uber-wealthy. This country is dying a slow horrible death.

    • Simon, I’m afraid you are absolutely correct. Death by a thousand shots.

    • Dude. Yes there is a lot about this country that needs fixing right now. But it’s a long way from “dying a horrible death,” slow or otherwise. There was a time when gangs of white men strung up young black men as Saturday night entertainment and were NEVER punished or even tried. Now matter how bad the news may seem some days, things really are better now in many ways. Our problems at the moment are mostly a backlash from a portion of an aging, shrinking majority that is afraid of change. Their time will pass.

  38. Charged with “injury to a child”???? He should be charged with attempted murder….no less.

  39. Why wasn’t he charged with attempted manslaughter or attempted murder or assault with a deadly weapon? How about unlawful discharge of a firearm or reckless endangerment?

    Really injury to a child. Texas fucking sucks.

    • Devin, actually under Texas law Murder and Injury to a Child (in this manner) are both first degree felonies and carry the same penalty, up to life in prison. If you add Attempt to a crime, it lessens it one degree so Attempted Murder would only be a second degree felony and max penalty would be 20 years. Texas may suck, but they got this one right with the charge. Besides, with Attempted murder, you have to prove that his intention was to kill the child. With Injury to a child you only have to prove that he intentionally, knowingly OR recklessly caused serious bodily injury to the child, a much easier burden to prove in a courtroom.

      • But, as I read earlier, this charge carries a sentence of 2 to 99 years. What’s to prevent some judge from giving this guy 2 years….

        • d julien
          because it ‘s Texas…..they are usually tougher on crime than anywhere else and this victim is a child…..don’t see him ever seeing the light of day. They execute their mentally ill for crimes.

  40. WTF Injury to a child?!?!?! How about attempted Murder? What are we DOING?

  41. Can we at least put THIS GUY away? Pretty please?

  42. He was standing his ground. Move along. Donate generously to the NRA.

  43. He was charged with injuring a minor? Really? How about attempted murder?

  44. What the hell is wrong with people?

    • R.Taylor: what’s wrong with people is that they don’t know how to think – they’ve been taught to accept what they’re told by authorities (Dad, church, Fox news etc.). I had a neighbor years ago who had complained about area teens knocking down his mailbox repeatedly – he said he was going to sit outside in the dark with his gun and “nail them.” I told him he shouldn’t do that; he said he had a right to protect his property; I said wrecking a mailbox is not a capital crime in Connecticut and he would get in trouble. Then he thought better of his plan. But sheesh!

  45. I’m so relieved the boy is alive and can communicate. I hope his reconstructive surgeries go well. And the man who shot him is clearly a sociopath and should bed locked up as such.

  46. Charged with injury to a child? How about attempted murder?

  47. Too much of ‘Murica has in effect become a war zone. Indeed, there appear to be parts of the country where civilization appears to have retreated entirely.
    Enjoy your gun-nut/Tea Bagger/continuing race war legacy, Muricuns!

  48. This just makes me cry! How senseless! Poor baby!

  49. Here we go again…since the motive is undetermined, could you hold off on the race baiting until that motive (if any) is established?

    And yes, the way you headlined this IS race-baiting. Going out of your way to feature the race of shooter and victim is IMPLYING a racial motive that has not been demonstrated. It’s just as likely at this point that the guy was/is just a nut.

  50. Michael J. Benardo

    Where are the Black Panthers? Somebody has to stop this open season on young Black males.

  51. If the jackass did it, shoot him in the face, then send him away for the rest of his days. Out-effing-rageous….it’s an idiotic copycat crime being done by no minds who think being intollerant and racist is OK, b/c of the example set by our friends in the Gargantuan Obstructionist Party….yup, you promote that some people are better than others b/c they have money, or have connections they’re better than we are….and they’re no!

  52. Let me guess: he felt threatened and invoked the Bush Doctrine.

What do you think? PLEASE NOTE: AATTP has a no tolerance policy for comments containing racism, personal attacks, vulgarity, profanity or threats.

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